The fear of speaking in front of groups is such an established fact of life for most people that it would seem nothing new can be said about how to combat it. Any book or course on presentations carries a comprehensive list of cures: prepare, breathe deeply, give yourself a pep talk, picture the audience naked, etc.
With so much advice out there, can there possibly be something new to say about the subject? I believe there is. Modern brain science points the way to a new approach by giving us a deeper understanding of what actually happens in our brains when we are under stress. This approach involves talking to yourself, but the message is actually the opposite of what we are normally told to say to ourselves. I’ll get to that in a minute, but first we need to understand a little about how our brains are structured and wired.
Deep in our brain are little bits of tissue about the size and shape of an almond collectively called the amygdala. The amygdala functions like an overly sensitive alarm system in a home, poised to detect—and instantly react to—any hint of a threat from the environment. It’s amazingly fast and decisive, causing us to react before our conscious minds are even aware of what’s going on. That’s why we can swerve so quickly when a car pulls out in front of us. It’s also autocratic: it can override our best intentions and command our body to fight, flee or freeze.
When the amygdala detects a threat, it triggers a flood of hormones which mobilize your sympathetic nervous system for action: the proverbial “fight, flight, or freeze” response, raising your heart rate (shallow breathing, heart flutter), redirecting the blood from your extremities to your major muscles, (“cold feet”), and shutting down your digestive system (“butterflies”, dry mouth).
The amygdala is a fantastic asset in a physically dangerous environment, where threats can kill us before we can analyze the situation and devise a response. Unfortunately, it can’t tell the difference between an actual physical threat and a stressful situation such as the few minutes before a presentation.
By priming the body for action, the amygdala turbocharges your capacity for action. If you can harness that energy, your performance takes off. When you can’t harness it correctly, you choke. The key is to use the boost without letting it take control of the performance—that’s the difference between chokers and champions.
There are two ways to do this. The surest way is to have practiced the performance so many times that you operate automatically. Unfortunately, you probably don’t have time for this in your day job.
The other way is to give your conscious mind control over your amygdala. The trick is to forget what you’ve heard about positive self-talk, the common wisdom that you should talk to yourself and think positive thoughts, in effect denying what you’re actually feeling at the moment. So, you’re advised to tell yourself you’re not nervous, you’re feeling good, etc. Honestly, how often does that really work? The moment you tell yourself you’re not nervous, another voice in your mind pushes back: “Oh, yes I am! Who are you kidding?” In effect, trying to deny what you’re feeling actually can increase those feelings.
The solution is not to deny what you’re feeling, but to put a label on it it. More specifically, state your feelings “out loud” in your mind. You can tell yourself: “Okay, I can feel my heart rate speeding up. My mouth is starting to go dry. Yup, I’m feeling nervous now, right on schedule.”
When you label your emotions, you engage the language function in the left lobe of the pre-frontal cortex. Functional MRI studies show that the act of labeling in stressful situations actually diverts blood flow from the amygdala to the pre-frontal cortex, in effect putting your conscious mind back in control. That proves it works in the lab, but more importantly to me, I’ve proven it to myself in speaking situations and in other stressful conditions. (It works in tense confrontations and negotiations, but that’s a topic for a future post.)
The next step is to reframe what you’re feeling. The symptoms you’re feeling are not only exactly what you should be feeling at that point, but they are your body’s way of telling you that it is primed to perform at its best—if you let it. In fact, if you’re not nervous before an important presentation, that’s when you should really be worried. Tell yourself, “I’m charged up and that means I’m going to have the passion and strength to deliver an excellent presentation. Everything’s in place to do my best.”
Label and reframe: when it comes to dealing with nerves, honesty is the best policy, even when you’re talking to yourself.